dal - Mughal Coins

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59 items (showing items 1–20)

India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, Rupee, (AH 964) / (AD 1556-57). India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. Rupee, (AH 964) / (AD 1556-57). Qil'at Alwar. Liddle S-4. Zeno 123446. Silver. Diameter 24.5mm, 11.48 grams. VF. Very rare, specially without any damage.

Provenance:

  • World Numismatic Auctions; January 2013, Sale 15, lot 940
 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, tanka, AH 965 / AD 1557-58. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. tanka, AH 965 / AD 1557-58. Kabul (over coin from Balkh). Album 2988 (the host). Lowick 12 (the host). Liddle S-24C (similar). Silver. Diameter 31.5x28.0mm, 4.67 grams. Counterstamped twice 'adl kabul 965, by Akbar, over tanka of Shaybanid ruler Pir Muhammad I b. Janibeg (AH963-968/AD1556-1561). Obverse: Pir Muhammad's titles, and two countestamps 'adl Kabul 965". Reverse: Centre: Kalima; margins: four successors with their epithets. XF/AU.
 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, rupee, AH 983 / AD 1575-76. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. rupee, AH 983 / AD 1575-76. Dar-ul-Saltanat Ahmedabad. Lane-Poole 105-106. Mitchiner 3033. Liddle S-16. Whitehead 169. Zeno 62756. Silver. Diameter 26mm, 11.45 grams. Obverse: Centre: Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi 983. Reverse: Centre: Kalima. Margins: four successors. AU.
 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, Rupee, AH 986 / AD 1578. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. Rupee, AH 986 / AD 1578. Dar al-Sultanat Fathpur. Lane-Poole 124. Mitchiner 3046 (similar). KM 82.2. Liddle S-35. Zeno 49124. Silver. Square, 20mm × 20mm, 11.43 grams. Obverse: khallad Allah te'ala mulkahu 986 / Mohammed Akbar badshah / Jalal ed-din ghazi / zarb dar es-sultanat Fatehpur. Reverse: Centre: Kalima. Around: four successors (clockwise, starting at left): bi-sudq Abi Bekr / bi-'adl 'Umar / bi-haya 'Uthman / bi-'ilm 'Ali. XF/AU.

Provenance:

  • Ex. Michael Sarnefors Collection; AH Baldwin&Sons, May 3rd 2006, Sale 45, lot 1053

Akbar became extremely impressed by the prophecy of Shaikh Salim Chisti, living at Sikri who told the emperor that he would have three sons. When this also happened, Akbar resolved to build an entirely new capital at Sikri in honour of the Shaikh. In 1571 the building activities for the new city got started. For its name the word Fathpur, denoting victory, was added to that of the existing village, Sikri. Fatpur Sikri was only fully inhabited for some fourteen years and from 1585, when Akbar moved his court to the Punjab, it became slowly abandoned and it never again recovered its brief magnificence. Today Fatpur Sikri is the world's most perfectly preserved ghost town. Rupees of Akbar of Fathpur are known for a few years, viz.: AH985 - 989. Jahangir, on its way from Gujarat to Agra, stopped for three months at Fathpur Sikri, as a plague had broken out at the capital Agra. During this short stay the very rare zodiacal coin of Aries, dated AH1028/Ry.14, was struck at Fathpur mint. No later coins are known from this mint (http://www.zeno.ru/showphoto.php?photo=26004)

 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, Rupee, alif (AH 1000 / AD 1591-2). India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. Rupee, alif (AH 1000 / AD 1591-2). Urdu Zafar Qarin. Lane-Poole 151-5. Mitchiner 3050. Liddle S-35. Whitehead 220-22. Zeno 56345. Silver. Square, 22mm × 21mm, 11.42 grams. Obverse: khallad Allah te'ala mulkahu alif / Mohammed Akbar badshah / Jalal ed-din ghazi  / zarb urdu zafar qarin. Reverse: Centre: Kalima. Around: four successors (clockwise, starting at left): bi-sudq Abi Bekr / bi-'adl 'Umar / bi-haya 'Uthman / bi-'ilm 'Ali. XF. Rare this nice with big flan.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons
 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, Rupee, Ilahi year 44 (AH 1007 / AD 1598-99); month farwardin. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. Rupee, Ilahi year 44 (AH 1007 / AD 1598-99); month farwardin. Agrah. Lane-Poole 206 (similar). Mitchiner 3051 (similar). KM 93.1. Liddle S-53. Silver. Diameter 24.5mm, 11.43 grams. Obverse: Allah-u-Akbar Jaljallalah (God is most great, eminent is His glory). Reverse: zarb Agrah farwardin ilahi 44 (struck at Agrah farwardin divine 44). XF/AU. Rare.
 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, anonymous issue, rupee, undated. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. anonymous issue rupee, undated. Qila Bandho (Bandhogarh). KM 96.1. Liddle S-21 (RRR). Zeno 62757. Silver. Diameter 17.5mm, 5mm thick, 11.37 grams. Obverse: Riwaj Sikka Allah Akbar. Reverse: Bud ba-qila Bhando barabar. XF. R3, very rare mint.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons; New York Sale XVII, Jan 9th 2008, lot 365

Bhando, better known as Bandhogarh, is a fortress of great importance near Rewa in Madhya Pradesh. Akbar's army had captured it after a siege of over eight months in the 42nd Ilahi year. Whitehead has listed this place in his "The Mint-towns of the Mughal Emerors of India" in 1912. The basis on which his information relied were two silver coins that he had seen but never published. It is said that the coins were consequently lost. Subsequently catalogues of the Mughal coins in Lahore, Lucknow, Calcutta, and Nagpur Museums were published but none of them records any coins of this place. According to P.L. Gupta, who compiled an (not published) up-to-date catalogue of the Mughal coins in British Museum, no such a rupee is represented either.K.K. Maheshwari in Numismatic Digest, vol.VIII (1984) p.81-82, was the first to publish a coin of this mint.The couplet recorded on this coin reads as follows:"Riwaj Sikka Allah Akbar / Bud ba-qila Bhando barabar"(May the words Allahu Akbar [stamped on] the current coin be equal to the [name of] Qila [fortress] Bandho). The coin is not dated, but it may well be presumed that the coin was issued at the time of the siege of the fortress in the 42nd Ilahi year. (extracted from http://www.zeno.ru/showphoto.php?photo=26005)

 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, anonymous rupee, Ilahi year 45 (AH 1008 / AD 1599). Month: Ardibihisht. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. anonymous rupee, Ilahi year 45 (AH 1008 / AD 1599). Month: Ardibihisht. Allahabad. Lane-Poole 254. Mitchiner 3052. KM 97.1. Liddle S-59. Zeno 56346. Silver. Diameter 22.5mm, 11.42 grams. Obverse: Hamasha hamchu zar mihr wa mah raij bad. Reverse: baghrub wa sharq jahan sikka Allahabad 45. XF/AU. Very scarce with regnal year and month.

Persian couplet: Hamasha hamchu zar mihr wa mah raij bad / baghrub wa sharq jahan sikka Allahabad (Like the gold of the sun and moon, may ever be current; In the world's east and west, the coin of Allahabad.)During the last decade of Akbar's reign, his son Salim, the later emperor Jahangir, grew increasingly restive in the desire to assume supreme power. He rebelled outright several times and, as governor of the Subah of Allahabad, refused to recognize Akbar's suzerainty. The silver coins of this period were issued anonymously without following the imperial style, but with a Persian poetic couplet giving mint-name and sometimes the Ilahi month and date. Known dates Yr.44 to 49, as well as a not dated variety. (extracted from http://www.zeno.ru/showphoto.php?photo=26025)

 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, Rupee, AH 972 / AD 1564-65. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. Rupee, AH 972 / AD 1564-65. Jaunpur. Zeno 94124. Silver. Square, 19.5mm × 19.5mm, 11.16 grams. AXF.

Provenance:

  • Stephen Album Rare Coins Auction ; June 26, 2010, Sale 6, lot 720

Square rupee struck from one die (obverse/King's title side) intended for gold mohurs. The mint attribution was done based on calligraphy style but still it must be regarded as provisional, as very little of the mint can be read. The odd shape and use of gold dies would indicate that it was produced for a particular purpose, perhaps for presentation or nazar. According to the auction catalog, a similar example exists in the Mughal collection of silver coins held privately in Nagpur (coin dated AH971, ex. Dilip Shah of Jabalpur collection).

 
India / Mughal Empire, Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605, mohur, AH 980 / AD 1572-73. India / Mughal Empire. Akbar I, AH 963-1014 / AD 1556-1605. mohur, AH 980 / AD 1572-73. Agrah ?. Liddle G-5. Zeno 49302. Gold. Diameter 19.5mm, 10.89 grams. Obverse: khallad Allah te'ala mulkahu 980 / badshah ghazi Akbar / Jalal ed-din Muhammad / (Dar-ul-Khilafat Agrah). Reverse: Centre: Kalima. Margins: four successors with their epithets. Ch XF.
 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Mohur, AH 1023 / AD 1614-15, RY 9, month Farwardin. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Mohur, AH 1023 / AD 1614-15, RY 9, month Farwardin. Agra. KM 176.1. Zeno 77657. Gold. Diameter 22.5mm, 10.79 grams. Obverse: Noor uddin Jahangir Shah ibn Akbar Shah. Reverse: mah-i farwardin-i ilahi / zarb agra / sanat 9 / 1023. GVF.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons; April 24th 2007, Sale 50, lot 969
 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Aries the Ram, month: Farwardin, rupee, AH 1027 / AD 1618; RY 13. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Aries the Ram, month: Farwardin rupee, AH 1027 / AD 1618; RY 13. Ahmadabad. Lane-Poole 361-63. Mitchiner 3167. KM 150.2. Silver. Diameter 19.5mm, 11.39 grams. Obverse: Aries the Ram. Below: sanat julus 13. Reverse: jahangir badshah (son of) akbar badshah zarb ahmadabad 1027. GVF/aVF.

Beginning April 1618 (Julian calendar), Jahangir entered in his diary an innovation in coinage "Prior to this, it has been the rule that one side of gold coins my name has been engraved, and on the other side the name of the minting place, the month, and the regnal year. Around this time it occurred to me that instead of the month a figure of the constellation representing the month should be depicted. For example, for the month of Farwardin a figure of Aries could be made, and for the month of Ardibihisht the figure of Taurus, and so on for every month in which a coin was minted one side would bear a picture of the constellation in which the sun rose. This method is peculiarly my own and has never been used before." Ref.: The Jahangirnama, translated, edited and annotated by Wheeler M. Thackston, Oxford University Press, 1999.Jahangir was at that time residing at Ahmadabad, where his innovation was put immediately in practice and silver rupees with the figure of Aries [month Farwardin 10th March to 11th April (Julian calendar) or 21st March to 22nd April (Gregorian calendar)] were struck.For the next four months rupees where struck with the figure of Taurus (month: Ardibihisht), Gemini (month: Khurdad), Cancer (month: Tir) and Leo (month: Amardad).Despite that Jahangir left Ahmadabad on the 21st of Shahrewar (2 September 1618, Julian calendar) for Agra, no rupees with the image of Virgo has ever been traced. Probably because Jahangir appointed his son prince Khuram (future emperor Shah Jahan) a staunch Muslim, as viceroy of the Subah of Gujarat and governor of Ahmadabad. By the orders of the governor and future emperor Shah Jahan, the coining of the Zodiac rupees at Ahmadabad seems to have been forbidden.The next issue of a zodiac coin, however, is a gold mohur struck at Fathepur (Sikri). Jahangir, on its way from Gujarat to Agra, stopped for three months at Fathpur Sikri, as a plague had broken out at the capital Agra. During this short stay the very rare zodiacal coin of Aries, dated AH1028/Ry.14, was struck at Fathpur mint. The zodiacal coins of Ahmadabad are all struck in silver, most other zodiac coins are of gold and the majority struck at the capital Agra.The gold zodiac mohurs attracted already in the middle of the 17th century the fancy of collectors and as the demand could not meet the supply, they got imitated. Consequently original zodiac mohurs are rarely offered for sale these days. (extracted from http://www.zeno.ru/showphoto.php?photo=26430)

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Leo the Lion, month: Amardad, rupee, Date missing (prob. AH 1027 / AD 1618; RY 13) . India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Leo the Lion, month: Amardad rupee, Date missing (prob. AH 1027 / AD 1618; RY 13). Ahmedabad. Lane-Poole 372-3 ?. KM 150.11. Zeno 49129. Silver. Diameter 21mm, 11.12 grams. Obverse: Leo the Lion and sanat julus 13. Reverse: zar Ahmadabad ra dad zewar Jahanhir Shah, Shahanshah Akbar [To the money of Ahmadabad gave ornament, Jahangir Shah, Shahanshah Akbar ('s son)]. F. Rare.

For an historical background of this series, please see: http://www.neocollect.com/item/1457/

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Gemini, month: Khurdad, rupee, AH 1027 / AD 1618, RY 13. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Gemini, month: Khurdad rupee, AH 1027 / AD 1618, RY 13. Ahmedabad. Lane-Poole 369. KM 150.7. Mitchiner 3170-2. Liddle S-178. Zeno 77658. Silver. Diameter 19.5mm, 10.84 grams. Obverse: Twins and "sanat julus 13". Reverse: zar Ahmadabad ra dad zewar Jahanhir Shah, Shahanshah Akbar [To the money of Ahmadabad gave ornament, Jahangir Shah, Shahanshah Akbar ('s son)]. GVF. Liddle plate coin. Supposed to be an immitation, as per item's description in auction catalog, however except for the lower weight, the general appearance and fabric look real. Rare.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons; Autumn Argentum Auction, 7 Nov 2009, lot 289

For an historical background of this series, please see: http://www.neocollect.com/item/1457/

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Taurus the Bull, month: Ardibihisht. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1028 / AD 1619; RY 14. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Taurus the Bull, month: Ardibihisht. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1028 / AD 1619; RY 14. Agrah. Lane-Poole 377-385. Whitehead 906. Zeno 56347. Silver. Diameter 21.5mm, 11.13 grams. Obverse: Taurus the Bull. Reverse: sikka-e-agrah dad zeenat-e-zar 1028 / az jahangir shah, shah akbar 14 [The money of Agrah gave ornaments to gold / By Jahangir Shah, Shah Akbar ('s son)]. UNC. Rare.

This is a copy of Jahangir zodiacal mohur, bull to left, Agrah, AH1028 RY 14. The coin measures 21mm and weights 11.13g. It is a very attractive coin, of fine style (at least seems to me) and great workmanship, very well struck, and with an old dark patina. It is very much alike the gold mohur in the National Museum, New Delhi (see Mukherjee, B. N. - Numismatic Art of India, Vol 2, coin 271 on page 241).It came inside a very old (and big) envelope of B.A. Seaby (65 Great Portland Street), and with the following text in hand written: "A copy of the silver zodiacal rupee of Mughal Emperor Jahangir 1605-1628 A.D. Bull to R. AH 1028, regnal year 13 (sic) mint Agra. Made late 18th cent in Mysore by a french military resident."I suppose this can this be the type Lane-Poole mentions on page lxxxiv, ascribed to a frenchmen, Colonel Martine (although L-P refers to half-rupees only).

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Saggitarius the Centaur, month: Azar. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1031 / AD 1621-22; RY 16. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Saggitarius the Centaur, month: Azar. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1031 / AD 1621-22; RY 16. Agrah. Lane-Poole 381. Liddle S-199. Zeno 64213. Silver. Diameter 21.5mm, 11.14 grams. Obverse: Saggitarius the Centaur. Reverse: yaft dar agrah ruye zar rewar / az jahangir shah, shahe akbar 1031/16 [The face of gold received ornaments in Agrah / from Jagangir Shah, Shah Akbar ('s son) 1031/16]. AU. Liddle plate coin. Rare.

Provenance:

  • Ex. Dr. Prudhomme collection.

Counterfeit Sagittarius (Centaur) based on the mohur. Probably Lane-Poole's class 2 forgery (p.lxxxiii), 19th century or a bit earlier. BMC377-385 (this one BMC 381).

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Capricorn, month: Di. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1032 / AD 1622-23; RY 17. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Capricorn, month: Di. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, AH 1032 / AD 1622-23; RY 17. Agrah. Lane-Poole 381. Mitchiner 3179. Liddle S-201. Zeno 74243. Silver. Diameter 21.5mm, 10.69 grams. Obverse: Capricorn. Reverse: yaft dar agrah ruye zar rewar / az jahangir shah, shahe akbar 1032/71 [The face of gold received ornaments in Agrah / from Jagangir Shah, Shah Akbar ('s son) 1032/72]. GVF. Liddle plate coin. Regnal year wrongly spelled as "71". Rare.

Provenance:

  • Ex. Dr. Prudhomme collection.

Counterfeit Capricorn based on the mohur. Probably Lane-Poole's class 2 forgery (p.lxxxiii), 19th century or a bit earlier. BMC377-385.

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Zodiacal series, Pisces. Month: Isfandarmuz. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, ND. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Zodiacal series, Pisces. Month: Isfandarmuz. Later copy based on the mohur. Rupee, ND. Agrah. Zeno 107919. Silver. Diameter 21.5mm, 10.97 grams. VF. Liddle plate coin.

Counterfeit Pisces based on the mohur.

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Sawai rupee, AH 1017 / AD 1608-09; RY 4. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Sawai rupee, AH 1017 / AD 1608-09; RY 4. Lahore. Lane-Poole 424. Mitchiner 3183 (similar). KM 158.5. Liddle S-114. Zeno 74244. Silver. Diameter 24.5mm, 14.24 grams. Obverse: badhar bad rawaan ta falak, buwad dar daur 4. Reverse: ba naame shah jahangir, sikka-e-lahor 1017. XF/AU. Liddle plate coin. SAC-Indian Edition plate coin.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons; Auction 53, September 25th 2007, lot 1761

Jahangir experimented with increasing the weight of the silver rupee, striking 20% heavier pieces called "jahangiri", and 25% heavier pieces called "sawai". The couplet reads:badhar bad rawaan ta falak, buwad dar daur / ba naame shah jahangir, sikka-e-lahorSo long as the heavens revolve, current be / In the name of Shah Jahangir, the money of Lahore

 
India / Mughal Empire, Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627, Sawai rupee, AH 1018 / AD 1609-10, RY 4. India / Mughal Empire. Jahangir, AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. Sawai rupee, AH 1018 / AD 1609-10, RY 4. Agrah. Lane-Poole 423 (similar). KM 158.1. Liddle S-93. Zeno 77649. Silver. Diameter 24.5mm, 14.25 grams. Obverse: poetic couplet, date. Reverse: poetic couplet, regnal year. UNC. Liddle plate coin. Rare, specially at this high grade.

Provenance:

  • AH Baldwin&Sons; Auction 53, September 25th 2007, lot 1758

Jahangir experimented with increasing the weight of the silver rupee, striking 20% heavier pieces called "jahangiri", and 25% heavier pieces called "sawai". The couplet reads:sikka zad dar shahr-e-agrah, khusru-e-giti panahshahe nooruddin jahangir, ibn akbar badshahis the emperor of the refuge of the world, struck coin in the agra city shah nooruddin jahangir, son of badshah akbar